By Heather M Campbell
Starting with the economic Revolution, Europe was once seized by way of the spirit of political and social innovation and reform that has persevered into the twenty first century. the overall surroundings of the continent, mirrored within the Romantic, Realist, and Modernist pursuits that swept via its countries, mirrored a transforming into attention of formerly ignored social realities that demanded motion. This attractive quantity chronicles Europes variations from the past due 18th century in the course of the current and examines the eu reaction to either prosperity and battle.
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Additional info for Advances in Democracy: From the French Revolution to the Present-Day European Union (A History of Western Civilization)
A Greek revolution against Ottoman control fared better, for Greek nationalists appealed to European sympathy for a Christian nation struggling against Muslim dominance. With French, British, and Russian backing, Greece finally won its independence in 1829. Liberal agitation began to revive in Britain, France, and the Low Countries by the mid-1820s. Liberals wanted stronger parliaments and wider protection of individual rights. They also sought a vote for the propertied classes. They wanted commercial legislation that would favour business growth, which in Britain meant attacking Corn Law tariffs that protected landlord interests and kept 25 Advances in Democracy: From the French 7 Revolution to the Present-Day European Union 7 food prices (and so wages) artificially high.
The phrase denotes the belief that each nation in Europe had from its earliest formation developed a culture of its own, with features as unique as its language, even though its language and culture might have near relatives. Europe was thus seen as a bouquet of diverse flowers harmoniously bunched, rather than as a uniform upper-class civilization stretching from Paris to St. Petersburg, from London to Rome, and from Berlin to Lisbon—where societies acknowledging the same artistic ideals, speaking French, and taking their lead from the French court and culture could be found.
He typified the individual challenging the world and subduing it by his genius. A movement that numbered as many artists and geniuses as did Romanticism was bound to find in Napoleon the individual par excellence or, as might be said in modern jargon, a supremely autonomous personality. This perception explains why nearly all the great names of the first half of the 19th century are found on the roster of those who praised Napoleon—from Beethoven and Byron to William Hazlitt and Stendhal and Alessandro Manzoni.
Advances in Democracy: From the French Revolution to the Present-Day European Union (A History of Western Civilization) by Heather M Campbell