By Catherine Chan-Halbrendt, Jean Fantle-Lepczyk
This e-book provides significant demanding situations and possibilities dealing with agriculture sectors within the wake of the transition from a deliberate to industry economic climate. utilizing Albania as a case examine, it examines the shift from communism to loose markets and the lasting results of such swap on agricultural creation and schooling. utilizing basic learn assets to offer readers a correct portrayal of the trail that lies forward for lots of constructing nations, the publication additionally appears to be like on the way forward for agriculture in transitioning economies.
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Additional resources for Agricultural markets in a transitioning economy : an Albanian case study
Evidence from a 1998 survey in Albania found that 62% of farmers declared that sons would inherit the farmland (Wheeler and Laha, 1995; Lastarria-Cornhiel and Wheeler, 1998; Wheeler, 1998). Such inequality makes women and the rest of family very vulnerable in cases of distressed sales of land by the male head of the household, which occurred frequently among rural people during the first years of land reform. Although agreement of each family member in front of a notary official is required on the approval of land sale, anecdotal evidence suggests that what commonly happens is that females are obliged (forced) by the male head of household to obey the decision-making of the males of family head of household.
2006). All of these CEEC have implemented land reforms through various legal mechanisms. In the majority of the countries, land reform was led by the state itself based on a set of established legal norms. In the case of Albania, land reform was led by the state in the plain areas, but it was 19 more community driven in the mountainous areas. In the areas where government land reform was implemented by introducing the land reform Law No. 7501, a high degree of land fragmentation was created; in some of the villages long standing landownership insecurity resulted owing to the uncompleted compensation of pre-1945 owners, especially if pre-1945 owners of land were still living in the village.
2010; Zhllima and Imami, 2012). Zhllima and Imami (2012) found that farmers prefer to purchase land plots previously held based on ancestral rights, which are perceived as more secure than simply officially distributed government land titles that are not combined with ancestral rights. The high costs of finding plots with such combination of rights reduce the ability of the sellers and buyers to make transactions on land. Data and surveys from the first decade after the beginning of the reform (Moor and Flyn, 1997; Kodderitzsch, 1999; Lemel, 2000; Sabates-Wheeler and Waite, 2003) to the recent past (World Bank, 2006, 2007; ARD, 2007) show a rural property market that has hardly developed in Albania.
Agricultural markets in a transitioning economy : an Albanian case study by Catherine Chan-Halbrendt, Jean Fantle-Lepczyk