By John Drabble
An fiscal background of Malaysia, c.1800-1990 , presents the 1st common historical past of the Malaysian economic climate over the last centuries, together with a survey of the pre-colonial period. a different function is that it integrates the old studies of Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak as a case examine within the onset of contemporary fiscal development. specific recognition is paid to explaining Malaysia's sign luck achieve a comparatively gentle shift clear of the first commodity export economic system of the colonial interval to near-NIC prestige by means of 1990.
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Additional resources for An Economic History of Malaysia, c. 1800–1990: The Transition to Modern Economic Growth
G. pepper cultivation). 3 below). 2 below). In the Peninsula these were principally in Perak, Kedah and Kelantan. In Borneo sawah cultivation developed among the population of the narrow coastal strips. In the interior the aboriginal population of the Peninsula (the orang asli) and the tribal groups in Borneo carried on a mixture of hunter-gatherer economy, shifting, or swidden, dryrice cultivation (ladang), and in some instances wet-rice cultivation (see below). Early urban settlement was most evident in the port-cities discussed above.
In the interior the aboriginal population of the Peninsula (the orang asli) and the tribal groups in Borneo carried on a mixture of hunter-gatherer economy, shifting, or swidden, dryrice cultivation (ladang), and in some instances wet-rice cultivation (see below). Early urban settlement was most evident in the port-cities discussed above. 3 below). 2 The subsistence base The principal means of subsistence was rice, along with minor food crops such as sago, millet, tubers, etc. supplemented with a range of vegetables, fruits, herbs, ﬁsh and other sea-products.
Though Europeans performed a ‘crucial role’ by importing silver into Southeast Asia from Japan and South America which helped to ‘lubricate … 22 The Premodern Economy expanding economies’ (Chaudhuri, 1990, 387; Lieberman, 1990, 83), the commercial structure and ethos of the VOC and the EIC were culturallyspeciﬁc, which militated against a spread of western-style capitalist institutions beyond these organisations. Whilst the Dutch pushed the introduction of commercial crops such as sugar and coffee in Java during the eighteenth century, ‘prior to 1750 agriculture throughout what would become known as Malaysia and Indonesia remained outside European direction’ (Lieberman, 1990, 73).
An Economic History of Malaysia, c. 1800–1990: The Transition to Modern Economic Growth by John Drabble